Nepal

Nepal officially the Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million. Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal.

The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's 14 tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 350 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. The southern Terai region is fertile and humid.

Hinduism is practiced by about 60% of Nepaleses, Buddhism is  practiced by 30%, Islam by 4.4%, Kirat 3%, Christianity 1.4%, and animism 0.4%.

A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms, until 2008; a decade-long people’s War by a Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (Now known as the Communist Party of Nepal  and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties until clarification needed of November 22, 2005.Then ensuing elections for the constituent assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic.

Nepal’s 20 protected areas cover 23.23 percent of its land. Its 10 national parks, three wildlife reserves, six conservations areas and one hunting reserve cover various geographical locations from the sub-tropical Terai jungles to the arctic Himalayan region. Two of Nepal’s natural areas are listed by UNESCO as Natural World Heritage Sites. They are: Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park. Comprising only 0.1 percent of the total land area on a global scale, Nepal possesses rich biodiversity. Of the total number of species found globally, Nepal possesses 2.80 percent plants, 3.96 percent mammals, 3.72 percent butterflies and 8.9 percent of birds. Of 6,391 species of flowering plants recorded in Nepal, 399 are endemic. Among the 399 endemic flowering plants in Nepal, 63 percent are from the high mountains, 38 percent from the mid hills, and 5 percent from the Terai. Similarly, the central region contains 66 percent of the total endemic species followed by western (32 percent) and eastern regions (29 percent).  The 136 ecosystems is confined to 11 bio-climatic zones and 9 eco-regions that are defined by ecological features, climate and plant and animal communities. Wildlife also include like endangered animals like the Royal Bengal tiger and the one-horned rhinoceros. Nepal is home 850 species of birds and more than half of these are found in the Kathmandu Valley. The natural resources of Nepal are water, hydropower, scenic beauty, quartz, timber, lignite, copper, cobalt and iron ore. Vast expanse of land in the country is used for agriculture with about 16 percent of total arable land.

 

Culture

Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. A conglomeration lies in capital city Kathmandu where cultures are blending to form a national identity. Kathmandu Valley has served as the country’s cultural metropolis since the unification of Nepal in the 18th Century.A prominent factor in a Nepali’s everyday life is religion. Adding color to the lives of Nepalis are festivals the year round which they celebrate with much pomp and joy. Food plays an important role in the celebration of these festivals.

Religion:

Nepal was declared a secular country by the Parliament on May 18, 2006. Religions practiced in Nepal are: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism, Bon, ancestor worship and animism. The majority of Nepalis are either Hindus or Buddhism. The two have co-existed in harmony through centuries.

Buddha is widely worshipped by both Buddhists and Hindus of Nepal. The five DhyaniBuddhas; Vairochana, Akshobhaya, Rathasambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi, represent the five basic elements: earth, fire, water, air and ether. Buddhist philosophy conceives these deities to be the manifestations of Sunya or absolute void. Mahakaala and BajrayoginiareVajrayana Buddhist deities worshipped by Hindus as well.

Hindu Nepalis worship the ancient Vedic gods. Bramha the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the reformer, are worshipped as the Supreme Hindu Trinity. People pray to the Shiva Linga or the phallic symbol of Lord Shiva in most Shiva temples. Shakti, the dynamic element in the female counterpart of Shiva, is highly revered and feared. Mahadevi, Mahakali, Bhagabati, Ishwari are some of the names given. Kumari, the Virgin Goddess, also represents Shakti.Other popular deities are Ganesh for luck, Saraswati for knowledge, Lakshmi for wealth and Hanuman for protection. Krishna, believed to be the human incarnation of Lord Vishnu is also worshipped widely. Hindu holy scripts Bhagawat Gita, Ramayan and Mahabharat are widely read in Nepal. Vedas, Upanishads and other holy scriptures are read by well learned Brahmin Pundits during special occasions.

Customs:

The diversity in Nepal in terms of ethnicity again makes room for various sets of customs. Most of these customs go back to the Hindu, Buddhist or other religious traditions. Among them, the rules of marriage are particularly interesting. Traditional marriages call for deals arranged by parents after the boy or girl come of age.

Nepalis do not eat beef. There are several reasons for this, one being that the Hindus worship cow. Cow is also the national animal of Nepal.Due to Hindus Religion another interesting concept among Nepalis is division of cast system considered  pure and impure. Nepalis consider cow dung and urine consider pure for cleansing purposes in their holy rituals . During menstruation women are considered impure and hence, are kept in seclusion until their fourth day purification bath. Nepal is a patriarchal society. Men usually go out to work while women are homemakers. However, in cities, roles can differ. Most Nepalis abide by the caste system in living habits and marriage.

Food:

Nepal does have  many more cooking style and food habits differ depending on the region. Authentic Nepali taste is found in Dal, Bhat. Most Nepalis eat with their right hand.The regular Nepali meal is dal (lentil soup), bhat (boiled rice) and tarkari (curried vegetables), often accompanied by achar (pickle). Curried meat is very popular, it is relatively more expensive. Momos (steamed or fried dumplings) deserve a mention as one of the most popular snack among Nepalis. Rotis (flat bread) and dhedo (polenta or boiled flour) is also traditionally popular in countryside as authentic meal among the nepalis .

Nepal officially the Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million. Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal.

The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's 14 tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 350 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. The southern Terai region is fertile and humid.

Hinduism is practiced by about 60% of Nepaleses, Buddhism is  practiced by 30%, Islam by 4.4%, Kirat 3%, Christianity 1.4%, and animism 0.4%.

A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms, until 2008; a decade-long people’s War by a Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (Now known as the Communist Party of Nepal  and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties until clarification needed of November 22, 2005.Then ensuing elections for the constituent assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic.

Nepal’s 20 protected areas cover 23.23 percent of its land. Its 10 national parks, three wildlife reserves, six conservations areas and one hunting reserve cover various geographical locations from the sub-tropical Terai jungles to the arctic Himalayan region. Two of Nepal’s natural areas are listed by UNESCO as Natural World Heritage Sites. They are: Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park. Comprising only 0.1 percent of the total land area on a global scale, Nepal possesses rich biodiversity. Of the total number of species found globally, Nepal possesses 2.80 percent plants, 3.96 percent mammals, 3.72 percent butterflies and 8.9 percent of birds. Of 6,391 species of flowering plants recorded in Nepal, 399 are endemic. Among the 399 endemic flowering plants in Nepal, 63 percent are from the high mountains, 38 percent from the mid hills, and 5 percent from the Terai. Similarly, the central region contains 66 percent of the total endemic species followed by western (32 percent) and eastern regions (29 percent).  The 136 ecosystems is confined to 11 bio-climatic zones and 9 eco-regions that are defined by ecological features, climate and plant and animal communities. Wildlife also include like endangered animals like the Royal Bengal tiger and the one-horned rhinoceros. Nepal is home 850 species of birds and more than half of these are found in the Kathmandu Valley. The natural resources of Nepal are water, hydropower, scenic beauty, quartz, timber, lignite, copper, cobalt and iron ore. Vast expanse of land in the country is used for agriculture with about 16 percent of total arable land.

 

Culture

Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. A conglomeration lies in capital city Kathmandu where cultures are blending to form a national identity. Kathmandu Valley has served as the country’s cultural metropolis since the unification of Nepal in the 18th Century.A prominent factor in a Nepali’s everyday life is religion. Adding color to the lives of Nepalis are festivals the year round which they celebrate with much pomp and joy. Food plays an important role in the celebration of these festivals.

Religion:

Nepal was declared a secular country by the Parliament on May 18, 2006. Religions practiced in Nepal are: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism, Bon, ancestor worship and animism. The majority of Nepalis are either Hindus or Buddhism. The two have co-existed in harmony through centuries.

Buddha is widely worshipped by both Buddhists and Hindus of Nepal. The five DhyaniBuddhas; Vairochana, Akshobhaya, Rathasambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi, represent the five basic elements: earth, fire, water, air and ether. Buddhist philosophy conceives these deities to be the manifestations of Sunya or absolute void. Mahakaala and BajrayoginiareVajrayana Buddhist deities worshipped by Hindus as well.

Hindu Nepalis worship the ancient Vedic gods. Bramha the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the reformer, are worshipped as the Supreme Hindu Trinity. People pray to the Shiva Linga or the phallic symbol of Lord Shiva in most Shiva temples. Shakti, the dynamic element in the female counterpart of Shiva, is highly revered and feared. Mahadevi, Mahakali, Bhagabati, Ishwari are some of the names given. Kumari, the Virgin Goddess, also represents Shakti.Other popular deities are Ganesh for luck, Saraswati for knowledge, Lakshmi for wealth and Hanuman for protection. Krishna, believed to be the human incarnation of Lord Vishnu is also worshipped widely. Hindu holy scripts Bhagawat Gita, Ramayan and Mahabharat are widely read in Nepal. Vedas, Upanishads and other holy scriptures are read by well learned Brahmin Pundits during special occasions.

Customs:

The diversity in Nepal in terms of ethnicity again makes room for various sets of customs. Most of these customs go back to the Hindu, Buddhist or other religious traditions. Among them, the rules of marriage are particularly interesting. Traditional marriages call for deals arranged by parents after the boy or girl come of age.

Nepalis do not eat beef. There are several reasons for this, one being that the Hindus worship cow. Cow is also the national animal of Nepal.Due to Hindus Religion another interesting concept among Nepalis is division of cast system considered  pure and impure. Nepalis consider cow dung and urine consider pure for cleansing purposes in their holy rituals . During menstruation women are considered impure and hence, are kept in seclusion until their fourth day purification bath. Nepal is a patriarchal society. Men usually go out to work while women are homemakers. However, in cities, roles can differ. Most Nepalis abide by the caste system in living habits and marriage.

Food:

Nepal does have  many more cooking style and food habits differ depending on the region. Authentic Nepali taste is found in Dal, Bhat. Most Nepalis eat with their right hand.The regular Nepali meal is dal (lentil soup), bhat (boiled rice) and tarkari (curried vegetables), often accompanied by achar (pickle). Curried meat is very popular, it is relatively more expensive. Momos (steamed or fried dumplings) deserve a mention as one of the most popular snack among Nepalis. Rotis (flat bread) and dhedo (polenta or boiled flour) is also traditionally popular in countryside as authentic meal among the nepalis .

Nepal officially the Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million. Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal.

The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's 14 tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 350 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. The southern Terai region is fertile and humid.

Hinduism is practiced by about 60% of Nepaleses, Buddhism is  practiced by 30%, Islam by 4.4%, Kirat 3%, Christianity 1.4%, and animism 0.4%.

A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms, until 2008; a decade-long people’s War by a Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (Now known as the Communist Party of Nepal  and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties until clarification needed of November 22, 2005.Then ensuing elections for the constituent assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic.

Nepal’s 20 protected areas cover 23.23 percent of its land. Its 10 national parks, three wildlife reserves, six conservations areas and one hunting reserve cover various geographical locations from the sub-tropical Terai jungles to the arctic Himalayan region. Two of Nepal’s natural areas are listed by UNESCO as Natural World Heritage Sites. They are: Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park. Comprising only 0.1 percent of the total land area on a global scale, Nepal possesses rich biodiversity. Of the total number of species found globally, Nepal possesses 2.80 percent plants, 3.96 percent mammals, 3.72 percent butterflies and 8.9 percent of birds. Of 6,391 species of flowering plants recorded in Nepal, 399 are endemic. Among the 399 endemic flowering plants in Nepal, 63 percent are from the high mountains, 38 percent from the mid hills, and 5 percent from the Terai. Similarly, the central region contains 66 percent of the total endemic species followed by western (32 percent) and eastern regions (29 percent).  The 136 ecosystems is confined to 11 bio-climatic zones and 9 eco-regions that are defined by ecological features, climate and plant and animal communities. Wildlife also include like endangered animals like the Royal Bengal tiger and the one-horned rhinoceros. Nepal is home 850 species of birds and more than half of these are found in the Kathmandu Valley. The natural resources of Nepal are water, hydropower, scenic beauty, quartz, timber, lignite, copper, cobalt and iron ore. Vast expanse of land in the country is used for agriculture with about 16 percent of total arable land.

 

Culture

Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. A conglomeration lies in capital city Kathmandu where cultures are blending to form a national identity. Kathmandu Valley has served as the country’s cultural metropolis since the unification of Nepal in the 18th Century.A prominent factor in a Nepali’s everyday life is religion. Adding color to the lives of Nepalis are festivals the year round which they celebrate with much pomp and joy. Food plays an important role in the celebration of these festivals.

Religion:

Nepal was declared a secular country by the Parliament on May 18, 2006. Religions practiced in Nepal are: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism, Bon, ancestor worship and animism. The majority of Nepalis are either Hindus or Buddhism. The two have co-existed in harmony through centuries.

Buddha is widely worshipped by both Buddhists and Hindus of Nepal. The five DhyaniBuddhas; Vairochana, Akshobhaya, Rathasambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi, represent the five basic elements: earth, fire, water, air and ether. Buddhist philosophy conceives these deities to be the manifestations of Sunya or absolute void. Mahakaala and BajrayoginiareVajrayana Buddhist deities worshipped by Hindus as well.

Hindu Nepalis worship the ancient Vedic gods. Bramha the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the reformer, are worshipped as the Supreme Hindu Trinity. People pray to the Shiva Linga or the phallic symbol of Lord Shiva in most Shiva temples. Shakti, the dynamic element in the female counterpart of Shiva, is highly revered and feared. Mahadevi, Mahakali, Bhagabati, Ishwari are some of the names given. Kumari, the Virgin Goddess, also represents Shakti.Other popular deities are Ganesh for luck, Saraswati for knowledge, Lakshmi for wealth and Hanuman for protection. Krishna, believed to be the human incarnation of Lord Vishnu is also worshipped widely. Hindu holy scripts Bhagawat Gita, Ramayan and Mahabharat are widely read in Nepal. Vedas, Upanishads and other holy scriptures are read by well learned Brahmin Pundits during special occasions.

Customs:

The diversity in Nepal in terms of ethnicity again makes room for various sets of customs. Most of these customs go back to the Hindu, Buddhist or other religious traditions. Among them, the rules of marriage are particularly interesting. Traditional marriages call for deals arranged by parents after the boy or girl come of age.

Nepalis do not eat beef. There are several reasons for this, one being that the Hindus worship cow. Cow is also the national animal of Nepal.Due to Hindus Religion another interesting concept among Nepalis is division of cast system considered  pure and impure. Nepalis consider cow dung and urine consider pure for cleansing purposes in their holy rituals . During menstruation women are considered impure and hence, are kept in seclusion until their fourth day purification bath. Nepal is a patriarchal society. Men usually go out to work while women are homemakers. However, in cities, roles can differ. Most Nepalis abide by the caste system in living habits and marriage.

Food:

Nepal does have  many more cooking style and food habits differ depending on the region. Authentic Nepali taste is found in Dal, Bhat. Most Nepalis eat with their right hand.The regular Nepali meal is dal (lentil soup), bhat (boiled rice) and tarkari (curried vegetables), often accompanied by achar (pickle). Curried meat is very popular, it is relatively more expensive. Momos (steamed or fried dumplings) deserve a mention as one of the most popular snack among Nepalis. Rotis (flat bread) and dhedo (polenta or boiled flour) is also traditionally popular in countryside as authentic meal among the nepalis .

Available Packages

img

Annapurna Circuit Trek

Trip Duration: 17 days Days
Grade: Moderate

Annapurna Circuit Trek-The Annapurna Circuit, was opened as a trekking route in 1977, and has gained the reputation of being one of the most spectacular and varied treks in the world. With lush green valleys and fascinating villages, it offers impressive views of some of the highest snow-capped summits...

Read More
img

Everest Base Camp Trek

Trip Duration: 15 Days Days
Grade: Strenuous

Everest Region is known as also khumbu region in Nepalese way. A region of northeastern Nepal on  the Nepalese side of Mount Everest, top of the world .The Khu...

Read More
img

Everest Base camp, kalpatter and Gokyo Lake trekking

Trip Duration: 24 Days Days
Grade: Strenuous

Gokyo Lake View Trek is one of the most adventure trekking trails in Everest region. First, stepping into the legendary trail at the lap of the world itself is a great adventure experience. Second, viewing mesmerizing lakes, most important, Gokyo, is like conquering yourself and the natural world for the lifetime. The highest giants like Loatse, Choyou,...

Read More
img

Manaslu &Tsum Valley Trek

Trip Duration: 24 Days Days
Grade: Strenuous

Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek is the most isolated and interesting trekking route that takes you around the Tsum Valley situated in the remote area of the northern side of historical place of Gorkha. 'Tsum' is derived from the Tibetan word 'Tsombo' means vivid. As its name the Tsum Valley has preserved distinct and natural treasures of crystal clear streams, diverse vegetation, elevated mountains, toppling waterfalls, natural hot water...

Read More
img

Gorepani pun hill trek

Trip Duration: 12 Days Days
Grade: Leisurely

Gorepani pun hill trek is very popular, out-standing panoramic trek among the short trek in Nepal. This trek is in Annapurna region , well-known to see stunning  mountain view of Annapurna range from  pun hill (3210m). Pun hill is one and only the most prime viewpoint in the region from where all the Annapurna mountain range reflect in your eyes with glorious morning smile of sun rise on the shinning face of Annapurna south , Dhaulagiri , Machhapuchhr...

Read More
img

Annapurna Base Camp Trek

Trip Duration: 17 days Days
Grade: Moderate

Annapurna base camp trek is one of the best trekking route in Nepal and very well-known trekking route in Annapurna region. During this trek despite thousands of stairs ups and downs you will have golden opportunity to explore amazing diversity of landscape with terraced rice fields, a big variety of flora and fauna all around you along the trail and all the way through Gurung and Magar villages (Gurung and Magar are also well-known indigenous people of Nepal) and their vast culture, amusing...

Read More
img

Explore Nepal

Trip Duration: 20 days Days
Grade: Leisurely

Annapurna base camp trek is one of the best trekking route in Nepal and very well-known trekking route in Annapurna region. During this trek despite thousands of stairs ups and downs you will have golden opportunity to explore amazing diversity of landscape with terraced rice fields, a big variety of flora and fauna all around you along the trail and all the way through Gurung and Magar villages (Gurung and Magar are also well-known indigenous people of Nepal) and their vast culture, amusing...

Read More
img

test

Trip Duration: 85 Days
Grade: Leisurely

fsdf

Read More